Cosmos flowers are the October birth month flower. They are a very delicate looking flower that comes in both perennial and annual types.
Cosmos have about 25 different species. They are commonly grown in Mexico and the southern parts of the United States. They also grow well in Central and South America.
This particular type of flower comes in many bright colors. Some popular Cosmos flowers colors are pinks, reds, yellow, magenta, and white. They grow to be anywhere from 2 to 4 feet tall.
Whichever color you choose, most varieties have a yellow circle in the center. I like Cosmos because they have such a pretty look to them. Almost like a wide circular fan. The petals stretch open to reveal the delicate yellow center.
They grow upon tall stems, and are surrounded by whimsical looking foliage. Everything about this flower just establishes its look of delicateness.
The flower itself can grow in a moderate based soil. The soil will need to be moist, but will have to have good drainage. The roots and stems can rot in too much moisture.
Cosmos flowers grow their best when planted in a spot with full sun. You can begin to plant the seeds in the middle toward the end of spring. They grow well in the cooler temperatures of the springtime.
When they begin to grow, the October birth month flower may have some problems. You may notice some mildew or mold on the leaves. Also if planted in moist wet soil, they can get stem and root rot. Again, make sure they are in well-drained soil.
Once planted, Cosmos flowers should begin to grow in the summer, and continue growing into the fall, if you take care of them. Once you see little flower buds beginning to grow, just water them regularly, careful not to make the soil to wet.
The most common species that you usually see is the Cosmos bipinnatus. They are commonly known as Garden Cosmos. They are about 2 feet tall and grow in colors of white, red, and pink.
The bipinnatus comes in different kinds such as Candy Stripes, Daydream, Seashells, and Sonata.
Sonatas are dwarfs that have blossoms that are multicolored. Candy Stripes are white blooms with an outer edging in the petals that is crimson red.
Daydream flowers are predominately white, with a pink center. Seashells come in pinks and white. They may start out in one color and then have a different shade at the tips of their petals.
If you live in an area with hot summer sun, you may want to plant Cosmos sulfurous. They adapt better then Garden cosmos to the hot sun.
They bloom flowers in yellows and oranges. Some types of this variety also bloom doubled petals.
The variety you choose will have to be a choice of what type of colors or color scheme you are working on for your garden. Also think about the weather in your region before planting a specific species.