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Chrysanthemum known as mum or mums is the typical fall staple flower. Well, it is to me! Every fall my mother always goes to the local nursery to pick out her selection of brightly fall colored mums.

There are many different species and colors of mums. There are also 12 different types of blossoms they can have.



The Chrysanthemum is the November birth month flower. Most of the months have two birth month flowers. November however, only has one. I think this is the perfect flower to be Novembers birth month flower.

This flower looks great to be used in either a flowerbed with other types of flowers, a flowerbed of it’s own, or even in a vase used as fresh cut flowers. A vase with mums and other fall flowers would make a great centerpiece for a fall dinner party.

This plant can be bought or grown from seeds. It also comes in both forms of perennial and annual flowers. The annual mums are much easier to maintain, and last a while with proper care. The cut flowers also last long. Almost two weeks or longer! The perennial mum however, is a bit more difficult to grow and maintain.

If you choose to go with perennial mums, make sure you take proper care of them so they will continue to grow to their best potential. We always buy the annual mums, and just replant them in a flowerbed year after year.

To grow perennial Chrysanthemum flowers, the first thing to do is to pick a spot that gets the most sun. Also make sure that the soil in that area is rich and well drained. To have soil with good drainage, dig a spot and fill it with lots of manure, or some type of compost to keep the soil well drained.

Do all of this a few weeks or months before you are ready to plant. This gets the soil ready. Right before you are going to plant them, fertilize the area with a regular all-purpose fertilizer.

While you can start your bed from seeds, it is not recommended, because they are very hard to grow. Instead, plant purchased plants that have already begun to grow.

Once you have planted the flowers, feed them on a weekly basis with a time released fertilizer. Also remember to water the flowerbed.

Chrysanthemum Flowers

Chrysanthemum Flowers

If they begin to grow to wildly, pinch back the plant to get your desired shape. Continue to pinch the flowers back throughout the season as you think it needs to be done.

Don’t forget to also divide the Chrysanthemums. As you dig them up, get rid of the brown dead parts, and replant the part that is still in good shape.

Any colors you choose to grow will look wonderful for the fall season. Whether you decide to go the perennial route, or the annual one, the colors will really say, fall is here!

Some of the great colors mums come in are: red, burgundy, rust, orange, yellow, purple, white and pink.

As I have said previously, the Chrysanthemum blossom comes in 12 different styles. I am going to go over the different kinds, and describe how they look, to give you a better idea of the kinds of mums you might want growing in your fall garden.

Regular incurve has a blossom shaped like a sphere. It looks like a tight ball sitting on the stem. It has a fully double bloom.

Irregular incurve is also a double bloom, however it does not look like a tight sphere. The ends of the bloom sort of hang loose instead of looking like they were tucked under into a ball.

Intermediate incurve is more open then the irregular incurve. They also have a double flower head.

Semi-double has an open bloom and kind of resembles a daisy. It has a center disk that is surrounded by layers of petals.

Reflex has sort of an umbrella shape to it, with the shorter middle petals standing straight up.

Pompon resembles the regular incurve. It does not however, look as tight as the regular. The petals look short and tight at the top, but as you look further down on the flower head, the petals seem to be able to breathe more. Meaning they are not stuck together.

Anemone has a large center with layers of thin and pointy petals growing out of it.

Brush resembles a broom. It has long petals growing from the center, that stick straight up.

Spider looks just like its name, a spider. It has a double flower head with the petals that hang off of the center in a droopy sort of looking manor.

Decorative has layers upon layers of short petals, with a circular center.

Quill has a double flower head with sharp looking petals shooting out from its center. Don’t worry though the petals only look sharp.

Last but not least: Spoon. Spoon has a very unique look to it. There is a circular center, with a semi double flower head. The flower itself looks like a disc.

Well, there are all the 12 different shapes of the flower heads. Pick your favorite styles, along with your favorite colors, and enjoy you lovely fall garden!


Christmas Rose

Christmas Rose (Helleborus) is a winter perennial flower that grows outdoors. It is a slow growing flower that once it finally blooms, it lasts for many months. Some can live for up to 3 to 4 months after they are in full bloom.

When the flower head starts to bloom, it first blooms in white. Then gradually it turns to a shade of pink.

Christmas Rose

Christmas Rose

The flower is surrounded by evergreen foliage. The leaves are dark green and glossy. All in all, this makes for a lovely winter plant that you can actually grow outside in your garden.

Now, because this plant is a perennial, it will grow back every year.

While this plant looks very lovely, it is a poisonous plant. So if you have small children or pets, you may not want this growing in your yard. Unless you have an area away from where your children or your pets play, I do not recommend you planting this rose.

So, you’ve decided to plant this winter flower in your garden. The first thing you want to do is to find a spot that gets ample shade. While this plant needs the shade, it also likes some sun during the day.

Now, remember, I said that these plants are slow growing perennials. They can take up to 2 years to fully grow into their optimal height.

They do spread out and fill out the entire area they are planted in, but it just may take a while.

If you live in a climate with mild winters, then the plants will begin to grow in the beginning of the winter months. If you live in a climate with colder conditions, then the plants will sprout towards the end of winter, closer to spring.

If you are undecided about planting them from seed, or from plants that are purchased, I would go with purchased plants to start.

The growing process takes really long if you start the plants by seeds. Once the plants grow, they spread their seed and produce more flowers.

Christmas Rose2017-08-25T12:27:56-04:00

Christmas Cactus Plant

Christmas Cactus plant (Schlumbergera) is a wonderful blooming plant that grows in the winter.

The flower is a very beautiful winter flower. On each stem hangs a brightly colored trumpet shaped flower. The flowers come in shades of reds and pinks. Some grow to be white.

Christmas Cactus Plant

Christmas Cactus Plant

When this plant begins to grow, the stems first grow straight up and down. Then, as they grow longer, they begin to droop over. Not in a bad way! It actually makes the plant look sort of elegant.

The stems are not your typical rounded shape. They grow in a flat shape.

The leaves grow in a light green shade and have teeth on the edges. The teeth on the edges are not small and close. They are slightly bigger and are spaced a little ways apart.

Plant Christmas Cactus in well-drained potting soil. A mixed potting soil will benefit the plant the most.

Take Care of Christmas Cactus all all year by keeping it in sun light during the day and in a darker spot at night. They do not like to be in cool spots though. Keep your plant in a room with warmer temperatures.

Not a spot that is too hot, maybe in a room with temperatures around 65 – 70 degrees.

While each flower does not live very long, the plant is constantly setting buds so that the plant will just keep growing new flowers over and over again

You can get away with only watering this plant about once a week. Sometimes maybe every other week. When you see the leaves beginning to look shriveled, water it!

If the plant every stops growing, it is just because the plant needs to rest. Don’t worry; it will begin to grow soon. Water it a little bit, and regrowth will resume.

Christmas Cactus Plant2017-08-25T12:27:38-04:00

China Aster

China Aster (Callistephus) is a flower that resembles a daisy, but only has one species. It is primarily grown in China. They are annuals that have a long blooming period.

They begin to bloom in the middle of summer and can continue to grow all the way through to the first frost.

China Aster Flower

China Aster Flower

They bloom in summer shades of blue, purple, pink, red, and white. The leaves they grow are a vivid green and have toothed edges.

When you start to plant the seeds for your flower, you have two options.

You can plant the seeds indoors at about 6 weeks before the last frost, or you can grow the seeds outdoors when there is no longer a danger for frost.

Plant your seed in rich moist soil in an area that receives full sun. Space the seeds about 1 to 1 1/2 feet apart. Water the plant during times of drought or dry spells.

Since asters are prone to various diseases, do not plant the asters in the same spots year after year. This will help your plants to be disease free.

China Aster2017-08-25T11:09:25-04:00

Carnation Flower

The Carnation flower (Dianthus Caryophyllus) is one of the more popular flowers that everyone recognizes. They are the typical staple to almost any flower arrangement. Not only do they look very pretty, they smell really good too.

A member of the Dianthus family, Carnations come in both annual and perennial form. They come in many different colors, but the most popular flowers are red, pink and white.



They are used for many different purposes and occasions. Many people use them as wedding flowers in their wedding bouquets because they are a cheaper priced flower that last for a long time.

Because this flower has a longer then usual life span it is also a popular choice for boutonnieres and corsages. Think back to your prom, you most likely wore a carnation that night.

This flower is also a popular addition in flower bouquets you may send to a friend or a loved one.

Mother’s day is a holiday where these flowers are very popular. I know that I used to work at a place that would give all the customers who were mothers a pink or white carnation for Mother’s Day.

Some say the different colors of the carnations have different special meanings. For example the red, pink and white ones all mean you care for someone. If you give someone a yellow one, it usually means disappointment.

Carnation Flowers

Carnation Flowers

A Carnation flower arrangement is a popular choice for occasions and holidays because they can easily be dyed. I have seen green ones for St. Patrick’s Day, blue ones for a baby shower, and even orange dyed ones for Halloween.

They are a very versatile flower that can be used for all sorts of reasons.

Growing Carnations is simple. Start to plant the seeds in the soil at the beginning of spring. They only need to be about 1/4 of an inch into the ground. Cover them with soil and don’t let them get to wet.

When you plant these flowers make sure they have full sun and well-drained soil. They don’t do well in soil that is too wet. Only water them when the soil is too dry or when in a drought.

Once they begin to grow they can reach about 18 inches high. You can cut these flowers and bring them inside and place them in a bouquet. They make a great centerpiece and they live for a long time.

If you choose not to cut them and to just let them grow in your garden, they will grow well throughout the summer.

I think that everyone should plant Carnations in their gardens. Not just because they are so easy to grow, but also because they add some real beauty to your garden. They look great and they smell really nice.

Carnation Flower2017-08-25T15:00:50-04:00